Normally taken orally but some non-EU or US countries produce injectable versions. Its ability to increase muscle mass, harden the body and increase stamina has made it one of the go-to steroid choices for many a user – and it’s the one they use on racehorses to make them go faster. But many users report acne flare-ups and dry joints, and while it’s easy on the hairline, it’s hard on the liver. Warning signs of liver problems include abdominal pain, light-coloured stools, dark-coloured urine, unusual fatigue, nausea and yellowing of the skin or eyes. Brand names include Winstrol.
The current system that has been put into place by sports leagues around the globe puts our athletes at risk. To leave steroids banned from athletics is the ultimate hypocrisy. Although it would be impossible to get an accurate number of how many athletes are using steroids (most would never admit it and face public persecution), there are ways to estimate the percentage of athletes who do use steroids. In 2003, Major League Baseball (MLB) elected to have an anonymous drug-testing survey of 104 players from different teams to get an approximation of how many baseball players were using PED’s. Although the actual numbers from the report were never released, it was released that greater than 5% tested positive, and the shocking results forced the MLB to adopt a new drug-testing policy and more severe punishments for athletes who failed a drug test. And although the 104 players who participated in the survey were meant to remain anonymous, several star sluggers were revealed to have been on the list. Three of these star athlete include Alex Rodriguez, Manny Ramirez, and David Ortiz; three of the most successful hitters of the past decade.