In most naturally occurring unsaturated fatty acids, the hydrogen atoms are on the same side of the double bonds of the carbon chain ( cis configuration — from the Latin, meaning "on the same side"). However, partial hydrogenation reconfigures most of the double bonds that do not become chemically saturated, twisting them so that the hydrogen atoms end up on different sides of the chain. This type of configuration is called trans , from the Latin, meaning "across".  The trans configuration is the lower energy form, and is favored when catalytically equilibrated as a side reaction in hydrogenation.
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This type of vitamins is a type of fat-soluble secosteroids. Vitamin D in addition to helping the body absorb calcium also helps the body keep the right amount of calcium and phosphorus in the blood. A Vitamin D deficiency in the body can cause rickets which is most commonly seen in children. It could also lead to a condition known as osteoporosis in adults. There is also a lot of ongoing research regarding D3 vitamin for depression as well as other D3 vitamin benefits. An excess of vitamin D is known to cause high levels of calcium in the blood resulting in calcium deposits in sensitive organs such as the heart and lungs. This is one of the main vitamin D3 side effects and is generally the result of an excessive intake of Vitamin D supplements and not through dietary choices. It is important that a person suffering from vitamin D side effects receive immediate treatment to prevent further complications. D3 vitamin deficiency reduces the amount of calcium and phosphorous that is absorbed by the body and so it is important that children and young adults receive adequate amounts of this vitamin.