Athletes may obtain banned medicines from physicians, pharmacists, retail outlets, health and lifestyle magazines, gymnasiums, coaches, family members, fellow athletes, the internet and the black market. Many GPs may prescribe unwittingly for what they trust is a genuine , 14 & 16 With the banning of amphetamine, those prone to doping turned to over-the-counter (OTC) medicines containing ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, phenylephrine and phenylpropanolamine, available for purchase in community pharmacies. Banned drugs, including anabolic steroids, are widely advertised in lifestyle magazines and gymnasiums and there are no controls on mail order and internet sales.
Song Nai Rhee emphasized that surnames (or more appropriately, clan groups within a surname) are not taken lightly in Korea -- indeed, they play an important role in modern business and politics. “Clan identities have played a crucial socio-economic and political role,” he said. “They have enhanced cooperation and mutual assistance among clan members through clan solidarity… A person running for a political office, for example, could count on the support of his or her clan associations.” Interestingly, according to the South Korean government, among foreign nationals (that is, people from China, Vietnam, Mongolia, the Philippines, etc.) who in recent years have become naturalized Korean citizens, Kim, Lee, Park and Choi were the most popular names that they adopted as their own. “So, presumptions of prestige still resonate in contemporary Korea,” Sung-Yoon Lee commented.