Joe Johnston, who won an Academy Award for the effects work on Raiders of the Lost Ark and later directed such films as Captain America: The First Avenger , drew storyboards for A New Hope , later recalling the inspiration behind the TIE Fighters. "In World War II the super dive-bombers had an artificially created siren wail created by air ducts," he once said. "They didn't serve any purpose except to create this noise, which would terrify people. It was intended that the TIE should achieve the same effect with just a menacing appearance."
As of 1998 [update] , it was reported that, as a generation, boomers had tended to avoid discussions and planning for their demise and avoided much long-term planning.  However, beginning at least as early as that year, there has been a growing dialogue on how to manage aging and end-of-life issues as the generation ages.  In particular, a number of commentators have argued that Baby Boomers are in a state of denial regarding their own aging and death and are leaving an undue economic burden on their children for their retirement and care. According to the 2011 Associated Press and surveys: